Undergraduate Catalog 2005- 2006

Definitions of Grading Terms

Grade Point Average (GPA)

The GPA is the ratio of the number of grade points earned to the number of graded credits. The GPA at UB is the ratio of the number of grade points earned at UB to the number of graded credits at UB. Only letter grades of "A," "A-," "B+," "B," "B-," "C+," "C," "C-," "D+," "D," and "F" are utilized in determining GPA. GPA is also referred to as QPA (quality point average).

Overall GPA

The overall GPA is the ratio of the number of grade points earned at all institutions (UB and transfer) to the number of graded credits at all institutions. The student's DARS report includes the overall average.

Grade Points Earned

The number of grade points earned is the sum of the products of the credit hours associated with courses taken and the numerical equivalents of the grades earned for those courses.

Graded Credits

Graded credits are the total number of credits for which the student has earned a letter grade.

Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory Grading

For more information, please visit the Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory Grading page.

Incomplete Grades

For more information, please visit the Incomplete Grades page.

"J" Grades

A "J" indicates a reporting error. While every effort is made to have the instructor correct this early on, a "J" may occasionally remain on the student's record into the next semester. The student should immediately contact the instructor and/or department to correct the error. Without a correction, the "J" will automatically become an "F" grade at the end of the following semester.

"N" Audit

Students must arrange with the Student Response Center for an audit grade ("N") in a course before the end of the second week of classes. Student Processing Services will automatically record the audit grade on students' transcripts.

  • Students must elect audit on a form (requiring the instructor's signature) furnished by the Student Response Center by the end of the second week of classes.
  • Instructors may terminate students' audit status by letter to the Student Response Center. The "N" will be changed to "R." Student Processing Services will notify students of the change. The instructors must communicate to the students the grounds for termination at the time of approval.
  • Students may not repeat for credit courses in which they have received an "N" grade.

Changes of Grade

Changes from one grade to another must be initiated by the instructor utilizing a Change of Grade Form, which is to be signed by the instructor and the department chair. Reasons for the change must be fully explained and justified.