UB Undergraduate Catalog 2006-2007: Medical Technology

Medical Technology

Department of Biotechnical and Clinical Laboratory Sciences

School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
26 Cary Hall
South Campus
Buffalo, NY 14214-3005

Phone: 716.829.3630
Fax: 716.829.3601
Email: DOHERTYL@buffalo.edu
Web: www.smbs.buffalo.edu/cls

Paul J. Kostyniak
Chair

Robert L. Klick
Program Director

Leah Doherty
Undergraduate Program Advisor

About the Program

Medical technology, also known as clinical laboratory science, deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disease. It is a field of applied biology and chemistry and is appropriate for students interested in the delivery of health-care services. The course of study is interdisciplinary, drawing heavily upon the resources of both the natural sciences and the health sciences faculties. Once admitted into the program, students spend three academic semesters at the university taking program courses covering the areas of biochemistry, immunology, instrumentation, clinical chemistry, microbiology, blood banking, hematology, coagulation, parasitology, mycology, urinalysis, biomolecular techniques, medical genetics, and management. The last semester of the senior year is spent rotating through laboratories in area hospitals with which the program has affiliation agreements.

Degree Options

Students who successfully complete program and university requirements for graduation are granted a bachelor of science degree.

Acceptance Information

Freshman Admission Policy. Students who enter the university as declared medical technology majors are admitted to the program on a conditional basis. Conditionally accepted students must submit a Promotion to Professional Program Request Form to have their academic records reviewed in order to proceed to upper division courses. The submission deadline for this form is February 1 for fall admission. Forms are available at the department office, 26 Cary Hall, South Campus, or online at www.smbs.buffalo.edu/cls. Students who are making satisfactory progress towards the completion of all lower division science and math prerequisite courses and have a minimum GPA of 2.5 in these courses will be allowed to register for upper division medical technology professional sequence courses. Students who do not meet these conditions or who have switched from another declared major are encouraged to apply through the regular admissions process.

Advisement

Information regarding the profession of medical technology and admission to the program can be obtained from the undergraduate program advisor. Individual advising meetings are scheduled on the South Campus by appointment only.

Transfer Policy

Transfer students must first be accepted by the university and must complete an application from the Office of Admissions and submit official transcripts. These documents must be received well in advance by the university to meet the program deadline of February 1. These dates may be extended based on space availability. Upon university admission, the evaluated transcripts are sent to the program for further review.

The program in medical technology has transfer agreements with SUNY Morrisville, Niagara County Community College, and the medical laboratory technology program at Erie Community College North, and prerequisite course equivalencies have been established. Students with an A.A.S. in medical laboratory technology are encouraged to have their transcripts evaluated by the program. Students from other institutions should contact the undergraduate program advisor for prerequisite course equivalencies. Course descriptions and syllabi may be required in order to establish equivalencies.

Courses from other institutions may not be used to satisfy any upper-division program course requirements.

Honors, Awards, and Scholarships

Scholarships are available from the national, state, and local chapters of the American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science (ASCLS). Students must be members of the organization. The Sara Marie Cicarelli Memorial Scholarship is available to a full-time student entering the senior year of the program. The Mary Cecina Riforgiato Memorial Scholarship is awarded to a senior upon completion of the program.

Opportunities for Undergraduate Research and Practical Experience

Guaranteed hospital internships are completed during the final semester of the senior year as part of the program. Placement is made by the clinical education coordinator at one of the following hospital and clinical affiliates:

Buffalo Medical Group
Catholic Health System (Sisters of Charity Hospital and Mercy Hospital of Buffalo)
Erie County Medical Center, including the Public Health Lab
Kaleida Health System (Buffalo General Hospital, Women�s and Children�s Hospital of Buffalo, Millard Fillmore Health System)
Lifetime Health
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
UB Student Health Services
United Memorial Hospital (Batavia, New York)
Veterans Affairs Western New York Healthcare System
Wyoming County Community Hospital (Warsaw, New York)

Notable Program Features

The program in medical technology is accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS). Graduates of the program are eligible to take the national certification examinations offered by the American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP) and the National Certification Agency (NCA).

Career Opportunities/Further Study

Opportunities for clinical laboratory scientists are extremely varied. Most graduates are employed in hospital and private laboratories and are involved with physicians in the diagnosis and monitoring of patient care. Others obtain employment in public health, industry, research, sales, and education. Medical technology/clinical laboratory science is an excellent background for those interested in an advanced graduate or professional degree in the health sciences.

Medical Technology - B.S.

Acceptance Criteria

Completion of all prerequisite courses (some exceptions considered).
Minimum GPA of 2.0 overall.
Minimum GPA of 2.0 in prerequisite courses.
Submission of a departmental application and a current copy of UB DARS report to the department.

Advising Notes

Application deadline is February 1. This date may be extended based on space availability. Applications are available at the department office, 26 Cary Hall, South Campus, or online at www.smbs.buffalo.edu/cls. Up to thirty-five full-time students are admitted each fall semester; part-time study is also available.

Prerequisite Courses

BIO 200 Evolutionary Biology
BIO 201 Cell Biology
CHE 101 General Chemistry
CHE 102 General Chemistry
CHE 201 Organic Chemistry
CHE 202 Organic Chemistry
CSE 101 Computers: A General Introduction
MIC 301 Fundamentals of Microbiology
PGY 300 Human Physiology
PSY 207 Psychological Statistics or STA 119 Statistical Methods

Required Courses

MT 302 Instrumental Analysis
MT 401 Clinical Biochemistry
MT 402 Fundamentals of Immunology
MT 405 Clinical Immunohematology
MT 407 Clinical Chemistry
MT 408 Hospital Chemistry
MT 409 Clinical Microbiology
MT 410 Hospital Microbiology
MT 411 Clinical Hematology
MT 412 Hospital Hematology
MT 413 Clinical Elective
MT 414 Hospital Blood Bank
MT 416 Clinical Parasitology
MT 417 Laboratory Education and Seminar
MT 419 Phlebotomy
MT 420 Clinical Correlations
MT 421 Clinical Urinalysis and Body Fluids
MT 422 Biomolecular Technology and Diagnostics
MT 423 Laboratory Management
MT 429 Clinical Mycology
MT 431 Clinical Hemostasis
MT 432 Introduction to Medical Genetics

Summary
Total required credit hours for the major...102

See Baccalaureate Degree Requirements for general education and remaining university requirements.

Recommended Sequence of Program Requirements

FIRST YEAR
Fall - BIO 200, CHE 101
Spring - BIO 201, CHE 102

SECOND YEAR
Fall - CHE 201
Spring - CHE 202, MIC 301
Fall or Spring - CSE 101, PGY 300; PSY 207 or STA 119

THIRD YEAR
Fall - MT 302, MT 401, MT 402
Spring - MT 405, MT 407, MT 409

FOURTH YEAR
Fall - MT 411, MT 416, MT 417, MT 421, MT 422, MT 429, MT 431, MT 432
Spring - MT 408, MT 410, MT 412, MT 413, MT 414, MT 419, MT 420, MT 423

Electives and Course Groupings

Prerequisite Courses Recommended but Not Required
ANA 113 Human Anatomy
APY 248 Human Genetics
MT 101 Introduction to Medical Technology I
MT 150 The Human Body in Health and Disease
MT 201 Medical Terminology or CL 151 Medical Terminology
PHI 337 Social and Ethical Values in Medicine

Course Descriptions

MT 101 Introduction to Medical Technology I

Credits:  1
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  None
Corequisites:  None
Type:  SEM

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Includes visits to local hospital laboratories to view medical technologists at work in the various specialty areas, and discussion of current topics guided by senior students under faculty supervision.

MT 150 The Human Body in Health and Disease

Credits:  3
Semester: F Sp
Prerequisites:  None
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC

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Introductory-level course for nonscience majors that provides students with an overview of the structure and function of the human body, in conjunction with a basic knowledge of the effects of disease, heredity, abuse, and age on its organs or systems. Integrates current health-care issues where appropriate.

MT 201 Medical Terminology

Credits:  1
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  None
Corequisites:  None
Type:  SEM

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Includes medical terminology and discussion of current topics.

MT 302 Instrumental Analysis

Credits:  4
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  coregistration in MT 401 or equivalent, MT and BTE majors only
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Covers principles and operation of a variety of instruments used in clinical laboratories and medical research. Discusses physical and chemical properties of matter that make measurement possible. Presents theoretical and practical aspects of spectral, electrochemical, chromatographic, colligative and nuclear instrumentation. Also presents relevant calculations and applies them in lab experiments.

MT 401 Clinical Biochemistry

Credits:  4
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  CHE 202 or equivalent or permission of instructor
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/REC

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Presents basic biochemistry, emphasizing human metabolic pathways and their relationship to health and disease. Case studies and problem-solving illustrate the applications of biochemistry to human disease and its diagnosis in the clinical laboratory.

MT 402 Fundamentals of Immunology

Credits:  3 \ 1
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  MIC 301 or equivalent or BIO 205 or equivalent
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Lab open only to biotechnology and medical technology majors.

Explores functions and mechanisms of the human immune system, including antigen-antibody reactions and their application to serological testing. Autoimmune diseases, syphilis, hepatitis, AIDS, infectious mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus infections and toxoplasmosis are among the disease states studied.

MT 405 Clinical Immunohematology

Credits:  4
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  MT 402, junior standing in medical technology
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Studies human blood group antigens and antibodies; also examines compatibility testing for blood transfusions and problem solving involving case studies.

MT 407 Clinical Chemistry

Credits:  6
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  MT 302, MT 401, junior standing in medical technology or permission of instructor
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Discusses pathological and physiological implications of electrolytes, blood gases, metabolites, enzymes, hormones, and drugs. Emphasizes developing technical competencies in analytical methods and computer-based data reduction and interpretation. Covers introductory methods of evaluation, quality control and basic statistical decision-making procedures.

MT 408 Hospital Chemistry

Credits:  3
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  MT 407, second-semester senior standing in medical technology
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LAB

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Assignment in a clinical laboratory that provides supervised practicum in clinical chemistry.

MT 409 Clinical Microbiology

Credits:  3 \ 2
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  MT 401 or BCH 403 or BIO 205; MIC 301 or equivalent
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Lab is open only to medical technology majors.

Involves a comprehensive study of the classification, etiology, pathogenicity, laboratory identification, diagnosis, and treatment of bacterial infections. Emphasizes techniques and methods used to identify and isolate bacterial pathogens. Provides an overview of the classification and pathogenicity of viral infections. The laboratory consists of microscopic, biochemical and immunological procedures to identify pathogens from clinical specimens.

MT 410 Hospital Microbiology

Credits:  3
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  MT 409, MT 429, second-semester senior standing in medical technology
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LAB

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Assignment in a clinical laboratory that provides supervised practicum in clinical bacteriology.

MT 411 Clinical Hematology

Credits:  4
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  MT 405, senior standing in medical technology
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Comprehensive study of clinical hematology. The lecture focuses on the components of blood and their specific role, hematopoiesis, and the incidence, etiology, diagnosis and treatment of hematologic disorders. The laboratory complements the lecture and provides the opportunity to develop a working knowledge of the basis for hematologic laboratory testing, the development of the technical skills for the performance of a variety of laboratory procedures and the interpretation of laboratory results.

MT 412 Hospital Hematology

Credits:  3
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  second-semester senior standing in medical technology, MT 411, MT 431
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LAB

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Assignment in a clinical laboratory that provides supervised practicum in clinical hematology.

MT 413 Clinical Elective

Credits:  2 - 5
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  second-semester senior standing in medical technology
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LAB

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Involves rotations designed to provide depth and enrichment of students� experience in particular health-care areas pertinent to medical technology (e.g., virology, nuclear medicine, toxicology, tissue pathology, cardiology).

MT 414 Hospital Blood Bank

Credits:  3
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  MT 405, second-semester senior standing in medical technology
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LAB

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Assignment in a clinical laboratory that provides supervised practicum in blood banking.

MT 416 Clinical Parasitology

Credits:  1
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  MT 409 or permission of instructor
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Surveys the distribution, pathogenesis, identification and life cycles of clinically significant parasites, emphasizing the infective and diagnostic stages. The laboratory features identifying characteristics of parasites using fixed and fresh clinical specimens.

MT 417 Laboratory Education and Seminar

Credits:  2
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  senior standing in medical technology or permission of instructor
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/SEM

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Examines clinical and classroom instructional design, evaluation strategies, statistical tools, and teaching skills; seminar portion features student presentations about topics relevant to medical technology.

MT 419 Phlebotomy

Credits:  1
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  second-semester senior standing in medical technology
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Assignment in a clinical laboratory that provides instruction and supervised practicum in blood-collection techniques.

MT 420 Clinical Correlations

Credits:  1
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  second-semester senior standing in medical technology
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC

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Discusses case studies using problem-solving techniques to analyze and interpret relevant clinical and laboratory data. A comprehensive examination covers all program coursework.

MT 421 Clinical Urinalysis and Body Fluids

Credits:  1
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  MT 407 or permission of instructor
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Explores theoretical and applied aspects of urinalysis and body fluids.

MT 422 Biomolecular Technology and Diagnostics

Credits:  2 \ 1
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  MT 401 or equivalent, senior standing in biotechnology or medical technology or permission of instructor
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Lab open only to biotechnology and medical technology majors.

Discusses the basic biochemistry needed to understand Mendelian genetics, basic techniques used in molecular biology, practical uses of molecular biotechnology in diagnosis, research and industry, and ethical issues surrounding the use of biotechnology. Laboratory consists of hands-on and demonstration exercises illustrating techniques used in biomolecular technology and diagnosis.

MT 423 Laboratory Management

Credits:  1
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  second-semester senior standing in medical technology or permission of instructor
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC

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Covers managerial theory and practice, resume writing and interviewing, influence of regulatory agencies, and current issues affecting health care.

MT 426 Technical Communications for the Scientific Professional

Credits:  4
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  undergraduate junior biotechnology majors only or permission of instructor
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC

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Covers the multiple styles of presentation that are required for effective technical communication, emphasizing the ability to accurately analyze and present data and technical information. Formats that are emphasized include writing abstracts, materials and methods, introductions with references, standard operating protocols, figure legends, and patent applications. Additional lectures cover avoiding common errors in grammar and usage, accessing library resources, and use of molecular biology databases. Expects graduate students to complete a grant application and generate a completed bibliography to be used in their thesis research. The course also covers the correct usage of multiple software packages used in science writing, including Adobe Phtotshop, SPSS, and EndNote.

MT 428 Forensic Science

Credits:  3
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  organic chemistry and biology or permission of instructor
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC

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Introduces the field of forensic science, including the general areas of forensic serology, DNA analysis, chemistry/drug analysis, firearms/tool marks, arson, and trace evidence.

MT 429 Clinical Mycology

Credits:  1
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  MIC 301 or equivalent, MT 409, senior standing in medical technology or permission of instructor
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Comprehensive study of the classification, etiology, pathogenicity, diagnosis and treatment of fungal infections. Emphasizes techniques and methods used to isolate and identify fungal pathogens. The laboratory consists of microscopic and biochemical procedures to identify molds and yeasts from clinical specimens.

MT 430 Bioseparation Techniques

Credits:  2
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  MT 302, MT 401
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LAB

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Introduces the biochemistry of selected laboratory experiments designed to provide the student experience with common analytical techniques associated with the isolation, quantification, and characterization of biomolecules emphasizing instrumentation. Practices multiple bioseparation techniques including thin layer, classical column, high performance liquid, and gas chromatography as well as electrophoretic separation. Also employs automated and semi-automated chemistry systems.

MT 431 Clinical Hemostasis

Credits:  2
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  MT 405, MT 411, senior standing in medical technology
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Comprehensive study of hemostasis including an in-depth examination of the components of coagulation and fibrinolytic systems and related disorders. Emphasizes the clinical and diagnostic features of the disorders of coagulation and fibrinolysis, and the selection and performance of appropriate laboratory tests.

MT 432 Introduction to Medical Genetics

Credits:  1
Semester: F
Prerequisites:  MT 401 or equivalent
Corequisites:  MT 422
Type:  LEC

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Discusses the basic principles of medical genetics, including basic Mendelian genetics, the molecular and biochemical basis of genetics, developmental genetics, genetics of complex diseases, genetics of cancer, genetic counseling, and prenatal diagnosis.

MT 434 Cell and Tissue Culture Techniques

Credits:  4
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  BIO 201, MIC 301, MT 402
Corequisites:  None
Type:  LEC/LAB

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Undergraduate biotechnology majors only

Introduces the concepts of cell and tissue culture, with specific laboratory exercises designed to expose the student, through the use of primary and established cell lines, to sterile technique, media preparation, quality control and cell line validation, passaging of nonadherent and adherent cells, cryopreservation, and microscopy and digital photography. Cellular assays for viability, proliferation, invasion, and apoptosis are performed.

MT 445 Biotechnology Career Preparation

Credits:  1
Semester: Sp
Prerequisites:  MT 401, MT 402, MT 302
Corequisites:  None
Type:  SEM

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Undergraduate biotechnology majors only

Explores the various careers in biotechnology with participation by individuals from various biotechnology companies. Discusses career options such as research and development, quality control and quality assurance, regulatory affairs, marketing, management, patent development, and sales. Teaches written skills including preparation of a resume and a curriculum vitae. Oral skills include preparing for and experiencing a mock interview.

MT 496 Internship in Biotechnology

Credits:  1 - 12
Semester: F Sp Su
Prerequisites:  MT 302, MT 401, MT 402
Corequisites:  None
Type:  TUT

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A one-semester, variable credit internship at a biotechnology site. includes participation in one or more projects selected to integrate the materials learned in academic courses. Placement is accomplished by the program director, based on the coursework completed and interest of the student. Generally requires an interview at the biotechnology site before placement.

MT 499 Independent Study

Credits:  1 - 4
Semester: F Sp Su
Prerequisites:  permission of instructor
Corequisites:  None
Type:  TUT

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The content of this course is variable and therefore it is repeatable for credit. The University Grade Repeat Policy does not apply.

Involves method and equipment evaluations or other short-term projects, arranged in consultation with individual faculty members.

Updated: Apr 12, 2006 11:04:35 AM