Geography : Courses

GEO 100 Geographic Perspectives and World Issues

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines the geography of the emerging global village, especially the stress between the increasing globalization of human societies and natural habitats, and their idiosyncratic traits. Deeply rooted in today's changing world, the course surveys regions of the world and the contemporary issues facing them.

GEO 101 Earth Systems Science I

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Earth Systems Science examines modern environmental problems through quantitative methods, analysis, and modeling grounded in basic and applied science and research. The goal of the course is to introduce students to the fundamental processes that dominate the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere, their characteristics and complex interactions, and their impact on human life and society.

GEO 102 Introduction to Human Geography

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Introduction to thinking about human activities from a geographic perspective. While considering the "why of where," students will be exposed to the global dynamics of urbanization, industrialization, migration, economic development, international relations, geopolitics, and cultural geographies.

GEO 103 Geography of Economic Systems

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall, Spring
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines the diverse economic systems that characterize a world economy in rapid transition. Highlights the complex processes of globalization and its impact on regions, cities, and countries. Examines the organization of economic activities and resources in the global economy.

GEO 106 Earth Systems Science II

Credits: 4
Semester(s): Fall, Spring
Pre-requisite: GEO 101
Type: LLB
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines climate changes of the past, present and future. Considers the various causes of past and present climate change and how to predict future changes. Describes predicted environmental and social impacts of, and possible solutions to, future climate change.

GEO 120 Maps: Earth from Above

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall, Spring
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Provides the knowledge required to be an intelligent map user. It is also designed to prepare students for further studies in geography, cartography, and geospatial technologies. Topics include map making and coordinate systems, issues regarding map scale and projections, navigation and way finding using maps, techniques of thematic mapping, introductions to remote sensing and geographic information systems, emerging mapping technologies and applications, and using internet mapping services.

GEO 200 The Ocean World

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Introduces oceanography and its relationship to environmental, economic, and strategic aspects. Considers the impact of humans on the ecological balance among the oceans, continents, atmosphere, and living things, as well as ports, ships and maritime law.

GEO 201 Disasters: a Study of Hazards

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Studies natural and human-induced disasters; such as storms, earthquakes, floods, fires, chemical pollution, and impact of war on the physical and social environment. Investigates risk taking, human reaction to disasters, and health-related studies of hazards. Utilizes case studies, slides, and films.

GEO 211 Univariate Statistics in Geography

Credits: 4
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LLB
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Introduces probability as a measure of uncertainty. Addresses the use of such measures of uncertainty for describing data, and for making inferences about large populations from small samples. These descriptive and inferential aspects of statistics are illustrated using geographic examples from a wide variety of different fields.

GEO 231 U.S. Contemporary Problems

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines spatial structures and growth processes involving contemporary spatial dynamics of the American socioeconomic systems.

GEO 281 Web-Based Geographic Information Systems

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Co-requisite: Student must register for LEC and REC in the same term.
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Recent Advances in internet technology have stimulated rapid development of on-line imaging and mapping systems. This course provides a systematic introduction to these internet-based digital imaging and mapping systems in order to familiarize students with Internet-based tools and data and allow them to explore and understand the spatial distribution of natural and constructed phenomena. Through a combination of lectures and exercises, students will develop and practice the following on-line skills: using interface of on-line systems, digital map display in 2D and 3D, digital image display in 2D and 3D, flight simulation, multiple image and map management, measurements, navigation, spatial query, feature selection and buffering, and customized map making.

GEO 330 Dynamics of International Business

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines the rapidly changing dynamics of the international business environment and its impact on corporate strategies and patterns of international trade, investment and development. Covers the political, legal, technological and cultural underpinnings of the global economy. Provides students with a solid foundation for conducting international business research and making sense of current events.

GEO 333 Bases of World Commerce

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Involves a theoretical and empirical study of the spatial aspects of commodity flows among countries and regions; also examines conditions leading to trade, and to barriers to the movement of goods.

GEO 334 International Environments and Commercial Problems

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall, Spring
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Introduces students to the interconnections among culture, social expectations, and international business. Covers cross-cultural communication and negotiation, cross-cultural management and alliance formation, and corporate social and environmental responsibility. The course is designed to challenge students to understand difference and to overcome stereotypes in thinking about the operation of business in different parts of the world.

GEO 345 Water Resources

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Pre-requisite: GEO 101 Or GLY 101
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines the occurrence, use, management, and conservation of water and water resources in the U.S. and around the world. The course further discusses the environmental, economic, and social implications of floods, droughts, dams, water usage, and waste water, as well as current issues in water quality, water pollution, and water resource regulation.

GEO 347 Climatic Geomorphology

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Pre-requisite: GEO 101 Or GLY 101
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Introduces land-forming processes at work on the Earth's surface, including water, wind, waves and ice. Emphasizes the roles of climate and human impact on earth surface processes, and it considers the hazardous consequences of these processes, such as flooding, landslides, and coastal erosion.

GEO 348 Landform Development

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Studies plate tectonics, structure, volcanism, minerals, rocks, weathering, slope development, and fluvial and coastal geomorphology.

GEO 350 Landform Field and Laboratory Techniques

Credits: 4
Semester(s): Fall
Pre-requisite: GEO 101 Or GLY 101
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Introduces data collection techniques in Earth Systems Science. Students will actively participate in the collection and analysis of data using a wide range of field and laboratory equipment, with all activities linked to relevant environmental and geomorphic issues. Students will develop and enhance their skills in data collection, reduction, and analysis, analytical thinking, scientific writing, and the preparation of professional reports.

GEO 352 Introduction to Soils

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Pre-requisite: GEO 101 Or GLY 101
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Introduces the concepts of soil science, composition and classification of soils, and the spatial distribution of major soil categories. Analyzes soil properties, soil/plant relationships, nutrients, land management practices, and ecological and engineering problems.

GEO 356 Forest Ecology

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall
Pre-requisite: BIO 200 Or GEO 101 Or SSC 118
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Explores forests in terms of their diverse structure, composition, and function. Examines factors that control growth of individual trees, development of forest stands, and dynamics of forest landscapes. Field trips and lab work develop the ability to recognize and reconstruct forest history, using a combination of forest structure and tree-ring analysis.

GEO 366 Urban Systems Geography

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Provides an introduction to the knowledge areas of urban systems and structure, and a brief overview of fundamentals and general information that one needs to build upon in order to become a professional urban geographer. The course examines the formation and growth dynamics of cities, interprets the mechanism under which the urban space functions, and observes the industrial, residential, migratory, environmental, planning and transportation aspects of urban society.

GEO 367 Urban Social Geography

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines human activities central to the internal working of cities in the context of globalization, fragmentation, and difference. Students will consider theories about how society and space mutually condition each other in processes of social stratification and discrimination that foster class, race, gender, and other differences and cause their expression on the urban landscape.

GEO 381 Cartography

Credits: 4
Semester(s): Spring
Pre-requisite: GEO 120
Type: LLB
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Introduces fundamentals of computer cartography, which is the study and practice of making map representations of the Earth. Provides practical training in the techniques for the representation, manipulation and display of spatial data using computer software.

GEO 389 Business Geographics

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall
Pre-requisite: GEO 103 Or GEO 120
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Explores the application of GIS in business. Storage and spatial referencing of data are two processes that need to be carried out to make any business successful. GIS can help not only in these tasks, but also in identification of patterns and relationships that can save companies money and increase profit.

GEO 411 Multivariate Statistics in Geography

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Pre-requisite: GEO 410
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Provides an introduction to techniques of multivariate analysis. Topics include ANOVA, simple regression, multiple regression, logistic regression, principal components analysis, and cluster analysis.

GEO 412 Geography of Health

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Studies human disease and health from an ecological prospective. Students gain an appreciation for the geographic variation in the rates of both infectious and chronic diseases. The effect of the environment will be examined in terms of population density, climate, socio-economic conditions, political situation, mobility, urbanization, pollution, cultural practices, and access to health care.

GEO 418 Population Geography

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines recent trends in population redistribution in the United States. Considers methods for producing population estimates and forecasts, and explores application of population analysis to the planning problems of government and business.

GEO 419 Transportation and Society

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Pre-requisite: GEO 102 Or GEO 103 Or GEO 410
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Studies evolution of the U.S. transportation system. Examines contemporary transportation problems; including provision of transportation, transport networks, transport flows, urban transportation, logistics, and information technologies. Also considers transport and urban forms.

GEO 420 Transportation and Spatial Information

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Overview of data used in transportation, including travel behavior surveys, vehicle locations, and traffic information. The course also covers GIS and Transportation (GIS-T) data models, data accuracy, primary and secondary data collection and storage approaches, geo-processing of network data, principles of Intelligent Transportation Systems, and location-based services.

GEO 425 Industrial/Business Geography

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Pre-requisite: GEO 330 Or GEO 333 Or GEO 334
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Industry dynamics and regional change in a globalized world. In understanding the relationship between the firm and the region, the activities of other agents of regional development (e.g., universities, government, non-government sectors, labor markets) will also be taken into consideration.

GEO 426 Senior Geography Seminar

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall, Spring
Type: SEM
Grading: Graded (A-F)
The content of this course is variable and therefore it is repeatable for credit. The University Grade Repeat Policy does not apply.
Topics vary each semester.

GEO 430 Applied Urban Geography

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Explores spatial structure of urban and metropolitan areas. Topics include (1) the changing form of urban areas over time, (2) the behavior of people that gives rise to particular urban forms, (3) the ways in which the internal structure of cities affects individual and group behavior and welfare, and (4) the various ways in which people perceive and interact with their environment. The lab provides students the opportunity to analyze basic data, using cartographic and statistical modes of analysis and the resources of the Geographical Information and Analysis Lab (GIAL). Students in the lab must take the lecture portion concurrently; however, students in the lecture may elect not to take the lab for additional credit.

GEO 435 Conservation Biogeography

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Pre-requisite: BIO 309 Or GEO 356 Or SSC 315
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines components of biodiversity: what it is, why we like it, where it is highest, and what threatens it. Focuses on the application of spatial solutions to biodiversity maintenance in wildlands, and to biodiversity management in working landscapes (especially logged but also farmed). Case studies and a field trip are employed to explore the usefulness of the methods.

GEO 444 Advanced Earth System Science

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Presents and discusses concepts, theories and applications in Earth System Science investigating the complexity of physical, chemical, and biological processes in the geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and ecosphere. Fundamental understanding of the Earth system includes emphasizing these dynamic processes and their interaction that extend over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. The lecture aims to create an interdisciplinary learning environment that supports understanding and communicating with other disciplines about the complex environmental processes. Possible impact and solutions to local, regional, and global environmental problems are assessed through modeling scenarios of changes in biogeochemical cycles.

GEO 445 Restoration Ecology

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Pre-requisite: GEO 356
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Restoration ecology is the art and science of repairing lands that have become damaged by natural or human disturbance. Examines ecological and social reasons for restoration. Focuses on how to identify and repair the key physical, chemical and biotic components of damaged ecosystems. Case studies and a field trip help are used to develop the theories and methods.

GEO 448 Stream Restoration

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Pre-requisite: GEO 345 Or GEO 347 Or GLY 312
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines the scientific basis for stream restoration programs in the U.S. and worldwide through a consideration of interdisciplinary themes and practices. Participants will actively discuss river processes, aquatic ecology, restoration needs and goals, restoration approaches, ecological economics, and the uncertainty and sustainability of restoration designs. Students are exposed to a variety of stream restoration concepts through lectures, seminars, and independent projects.

GEO 449 Fluvial Geomorphology

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Pre-requisite: GEO 345 Or GEO 347 Or GLY 312
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines the origin, geometry, water flow, and sediment transport associated with streams and rivers, and how these processes and forms vary in time and space. Places particular emphasis on the analytic description of physical processes, the adjustment of rivers to natural and human-induced disturbances, the interactions between fluvial processes, water quality and aquatic habitat, and emerging areas of research.

GEO 451 Special Topics in Cartography

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: SEM
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Advanced seminar. Topics vary each semester. Requires independent projects in the field being covered.

GEO 454 Soils Laboratory Methods

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Studies soils laboratory techniques; involves field work (soil sampling) and soil surveying.

GEO 460 Geography of Development

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall
Pre-requisite: GEO 103 Or GEO 330 Or GEO 333
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines how regions, cities, and countries are engaged in economic, political, and institutional strategies in order to tackle problems related to poverty, underdevelopment, economic decline, and/or economic stagnation. Attention is given to the influences of local and global forces, actors, and policies on regional and national competition and development.

GEO 462 Network and Location Analysis

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines the basic theories and concepts behind transportation networks, their structure and operation as well as their need in different applications such as location theory. Approaches topics from both a theoretical and a GIS perspective. There will be a weekly laboratory to provide hands-on experience in the different topics.

GEO 464 Mobility and Flows

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Studies the human decision-making process underlying spatial mobility that results in the creation of patterns and daily routines. Covers the different environments and theories involved in the process, as well as the modeling techniques that have been used, emphasizing the application of Geographic Information Systems.

GEO 470 Integrated Environmental Management

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Pre-requisite: GEO 101 Or GLY 101
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Introduces an integrated framework for natural resource management that addresses biophysical, social, and economic issues affecting natural resources such as water, soil, air, plant and animal communities and their use through agriculture, forestry, and fishery. The multidisciplinary approach equips the participants with the necessary tools and techniques to develop sound management policy and practice at the watershed scale from small watersheds to large basins. Outlines methods for problem definition and goal setting to elect appropriate and effective management strategies and procedures for monitoring and implementation.

GEO 475 Landscape Modeling With GIS

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall
Pre-requisite: GEO 481
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Utilizes concepts and software tools to appropriately analyze geo-spatial data and model environmental processes. The course uses exercises related to physical processes, but also presents and discusses methods and examples in the fields of environmental science, ecology and human geography.

GEO 479 GIS and Environmental Modeling

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Pre-requisite: GEO 481
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Emphasizes GIS applications for environmental modeling, which is loosely defined as any study that contains an environmental element. This is an intermediate level GIS course. GIS methodology design is the primary focus of the lectures and the following topics are discussed: basic GIS methods, using statistics to test and validate GIS methods, and integrating GIS with environmental models. Case studies are used to support the discussion of method design and help students select appropriate GIS methods for a project. The hands-on laboratory exercises focus on learning advanced GIS methods in order to help students implement a GIS project of their interest.

GEO 481 Geographic Information Systems

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall, Spring
Co-requisite: Student must register for LEC and LAB in the same term.
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Provides a general introduction to the principles and applications of geographic information systems (GIS). The lectures cover several fundamental aspects of GIS: (1) the basics of a GIS system, (2) GIS data and sources of data, (3) GIS analysis functions, and (4) GIS applications and related issues. The laboratory exercises are based on the leading GIS software, ArcGIS, and are designed to help students understand the lecture materials and gain hands-on experiences in GIS data acquisition, spatial database management, spatial analysis, and mapping.

GEO 482 Locational Analysis

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Pre-requisite: GEO 120
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Surveys the basic types of geographic location problems encountered in the real world and examines basic techniques applied to solve those problems.

GEO 483 Remote Sensing

Credits: 4
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LLB
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Introduces the principles and applications of remote sensing, and the basic techniques of digital image processing. The lectures introduce a number of fundamental topics of remote sensing: the interaction between energy and Earth surface, major sensor systems and images, basic techniques for image enhancement and image classification, classification accuracy assessment, and applications of remote sensing. The laboratory exercises are designed to help students understand and gain hands-on experiences in digital image process techniques introduced in the lectures.

GEO 484 GIS Applications

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Explores capabilities for micro- and minicomputer applications of geographic information systems, including such topics as data volumes, data partitioning, and database construction and maintenance. Explores applications to urban-planning and natural-resource management using ARC/INFO.

GEO 485 Cartography and Geographic Visualization

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Pre-requisite: GEO 120 Or GEO 381
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Provides an overview of cartographic design and visualization within the context of GIS and multi-media web presentation to enhance the visualization skills expected of a modern geographer. The course will cover both theoretical and practical issues associated with visual representation, cartographic design process, exploratory data analysis, data uncertainty, quality and generalization, thematic mapping, web designing, online mapping and other multi-media applications.

GEO 486 Spatial Decision-Support Systems

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Adds the spatial element to decision-support systems by integrating analytic modeling and GIS. Also considers issues in system design and implementation.

GEO 487 Thematic Cartography

Credits: 4
Semester(s): Spring
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Applies formal principles of graphic design with skills of computer and manual cartographic production. Introduces principles and skills of computer-assisted cartographic production, and of photographic and digital-enhancement techniques that may be incorporated in the map production process.

GEO 488 GIS Design

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Type: SEM
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Emphasizes problems and methods for defining GIS user needs and the development cycle. Adapts methods and software engineering to the GIS planning process. Topics include product identification, data sources, system selection, and implementation scheduling.

GEO 489 GIS Algorithms and Data Structures

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Spring
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Examines the data models for geographic information systems. Student programming projects emphasize alternative methods of implementing common GIS operations.

GEO 493 Dynamic Modeling of Human and Environmental Systems

Credits: 3
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: LEC
Grading: Graded (A-F)
This course will provide hands-on experience in the construction and simulation of dynamic models to represent human and environmental systems. The paradigm case of such systems is diffusion over space and time: diffusion of ideas by word of mouth, diffusion of diseases by contact between individuals, and diffusion of forest fires and invasive species across landscapes. A range of modeling paradigms will be covered, from continuous representations of system dynamics to discrete interactions of individual/agent-based models. Calculus and programming experience are helpful but not required. Exercises and readings will be provided from a variety of sources reflecting current challenges that practitioners face in the multi-disciplinary field of dynamic modeling.

GEO 496 Geographic Internship

Credits: 3
Semester(s): Fall
Type: TUT
Grading: Pass/Fail
The content of this course is variable and therefore it is repeatable for credit. The University Grade Repeat Policy does not apply.
For advanced students. Involves a work opportunity in a local governmental agency or firm. See the director of undergraduate studies for more information.

GEO 497 Geography Honors Program

Credits: 1 - 4
Semester(s): (No information on typically offered semesters)
Type: TUT
Grading: Graded (A-F)
Students who have completed at least 96 credit hours and who have a minimum GPA of 3.5 in geography and overall are eligible to participate in the honors program. See the Director of Undergraduate Studies for more information.

GEO 499 Independent Study

Credits: 1 - 4
Semester(s): Fall, Spring
Type: TUT
Grading: Graded (A-F)
The content of this course is variable and therefore it is repeatable for credit. The University Grade Repeat Policy does not apply.

Updated: 13 Nov 2012 06:01:14 EST