Undergraduate Degree & Course Catalog

Geography - Careers

Career Information and Further Study

Human geography is concerned with the spatial aspects of human existence - how people and their activities are distributed in space, how they use and perceive space, and how they create and sustain the places that make up the earth's surface. Human geographers work in the fields of urban and regional planning, social services, transportation, marketing, real estate, tourism, and international business. Physical geographers study patterns and interactions of climates, land forms, vegetation, soils, and water. They forecast the weather, manage land and water resources, and analyze and plan for forests, rangelands, and wetlands. Many human and physical geographers have skills in cartography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

Geographers also study the linkages between human activity and natural systems. Geographers were, in fact, among the first scientists to sound the alarm that human-induced changes to the environment were beginning to threaten the balance of life itself. They are active in the study of global warming, desertification, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, groundwater pollution, and flooding.

Career Choices

  • Cartographer
  • Climatologist
  • Computer analyst
  • Ecologist
  • Economist
  • Educator
  • Environmental scientist/manager
  • Geomorphologist
  • GIS specialist
  • Health care
  • Market research analyst
  • Meteorologist
  • Natural resource manager
  • Researcher
  • Urban and transportation planner

Work settings include:

  • Consulting companies
  • Engineering and marketing consultants
  • GIS software development, implementation
  • Local, city and/or state planning offices
  • Multinational corporations
  • Real estate developers
  • Social services organizations
  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  • U.S. Army Topographic Engineering Center
  • U.S. Bureau of the Census
  • U.S. Bureau of Land Management
  • U.S. Defense Mapping Agency
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • U.S. Economic Development Administration
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • U.S. Forest Service
  • U.S. Geological Survey
  • U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • U.S. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration
  • U.S. Defense Mapping Agency
  • Universities

Additional Resources

Last updated: February 22 2022 21:08:39