Undergraduate Degree & Course Catalog
2016-17

Geological Sciences - Courses

GLY 101 Natural Hazards
Geology

This Scientific Literacy and Inquiry course explores the solid Earth and ways that ongoing, natural processes act to harm people and property. The course aims to put geological hazards in a broader context by examining the latest science at the micro (e.g., minerals), human (e.g., why tsunamis are such efficient and massive killers) and global (e.g., global effects of asteroid impacts or super volcano eruptions) scales. We will examine the history of scientific discovery and thought about natural hazards and global catastrophes on both human and geologic timescales. We will use case studies and debates to clarify science vs. pseudo-science, current controversies, and how natural (as well as some human-induced) hazards affect us in Western New York. Completing all three courses, GLY 101LEC, GLY 102LEC and GLY 105LAB, would fulfill the Scientific Inquiry and Literacy Requirement as well as the Natural Sciences General Education requirement.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Data not available
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 102 Climate Change
Geology

This Scientific Literacy and Inquiry course offers an interdisciplinary discussion of both natural and human-induced global environmental and climate change at various scales (space and time). Provides a comprehensive description of how advances in the physical, biological, and geological sciences are being integrated to understand the interplay between the Earths components (atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere). Topics include glaciers, basic oceanography and atmospheric science, natural hazards, natural resources, and Earth system cycles (such as weather, climate change, and atmospheric pollution). Completing all three courses, GLY 101LEC, GLY 102LEC and GLY 105LAB, would fulfill the Scientific Inquiry and Literacy Requirement as well as the Natural Sciences General Education requirement.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)



GLY 103 Geology for Engineers
Geology

This course introduces engineers and others to the Earth system, by examining the latest science at the micro (e.g., minerals), human (e.g., why earthquakes are such efficient and massive killers) and global (e.g., water cycle) scales. We examine the use of scientific hypothesis testing and implications for understanding Earth materials and natural hazards. We use case studies to clarify science vs. pseudo-science, current controversies, and how natural (as well as some human-induced) hazards affect us.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Data not available
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 106 Geological Mapping Techniques
Geology

Introduces geological maps, cross sections and stratigraphic columns, the primary tools for conveying information in the earth sciences. Covers basic map-reading skills, mapmaking and cross-section construction, and interpretation. Introduces stereoscopic aerial photography and satellite imagery.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)



GLY 108 Geology of the National Parks
Geology

Explores the beauty of some of our nation's most spectacular national parks, including the Grand Canyon, Yellowstone, Hawaiian Volcanoes National Park, Bryce Canyon, and Acadia. Examines the fundamental geologic principles that allow understanding of how these unique landscapes were formed and how they change through time. Also examines how people affect the parks and how science enters into national policy decisions about their future.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 137 The Dinosaurs
Geology

Explores dinosaurs as a biological group: their origin, anatomy, life habits, evolution, and extinction. Evaluates revolutionary new ideas on their physiology, behavior, and significance in the history of life. Uses dinosaurs to exemplify important evolutionary phenomena. There may be visits to the Buffalo Museum of Science and the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)



GLY 215 Sedimentary Geology & Paleontology
Geology

Introduction to the types and origins of sedimentary rocks and their depositional environments, stratigraphic orientation, fossil content, and relationship to geologic time. Requires labs and field trip.

Credits: 4
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 101 and (PHY 101 or PHY 107)
Co-Requisites: GLY 305 recommended


GLY 216 Soft Rock II: Paleontology and Stratigraphy
Geology

Examines the character of the fossil record, its role in illuminating the nature of the evolutionary process, life's history, and use in interpretation of the age and environment of deposition of sedimentary rocks. Requires labs and field trip.

Credits: 4
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 215



GLY 305 Mineralogy
Geology

Presents the fundamental principles of mineralogy, including mineral chemistry, mineral identification, phase diagrams, mineral structures, and elementary crystallography. Emphasizes environmentally important minerals. Requires lab.

Credits: 4
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 102 and CHE 101.
Co-Requisites: Students must enroll in GLY 305LAB and GLY 305LEC in the same term.


GLY 306 Petrology
Geology

Presents the fundamental principles of petrology, including origin, occurrence, and evolution of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Integrates geochemical principles based on phase equilibria with interpretation of mineral assemblages present in common rocks. Plate tectonics and regional distribution of rock types form the broad framework for the course materials. Requires a field trip.

Credits: 4
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 305



GLY 309 Ecology
Geology

Processes that control the abundance and distribution of organisms in their natural environments; emphasizing population, community and evolutionary ecology.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: BIO 200 or GLY 215 or Engineering and Applied Sciences Bachelor - Environmental Engineering


GLY 310 Ecological Methods
Geology

Field exercises to illustrate major concepts of modern ecology, and the techniques and procedures used in ecological research.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Co-Requisites: GLY 309 or BIO 309
Other Requisites: Pre- or



GLY 312 Surface Processes and Hydrology
Geology

Acquaints students with near-surface geomorphic and hydrologic processes, their interpretation, and their role in shaping landforms. Studies the occurrence and movement of water on and within the earth including basic hydrostatics, hydrology, hydrogeology and open-channel flow hydraulics. Introduces quantitative and computer-based methods of analysis in geomorphology, hydrology and environmental geology. Requires labs and field trips.

Credits: 4
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 102 or GEO 106 and MTH 121 or MTH 141 and PHY 101 or PHY 107


GLY 313 Surface Processes and Hydrology II
Geology

Second semester of two-semester sequence. See GLY 312 for course description. Requires labs and field trip.

Credits: 4
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 312



GLY 325 Geophysics
Geology

Introduces the fundamental concepts required to understand the scientific basis for plate tectonics, including deep Earth structure and theories of mantle convection. Describes major whole-Earth geophysical techniques (active-source seismology, earthquake seismology, gravity, magnetics, heat flow, resistivity and EM measurements). Uses general examples as well as specific case studies to support current tectonic theories. Practical application and hands-on use of seismic, gravity, magnetic instrumentation and shallow radar take place in labs. Requires labs.

Credits: 4
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: MTH 121 or MTH 141 or higher and PHY 101 or PHY 107 or higher and GLY 102


GLY 326 Structural Geology/ Global Tectonics
Geology

Introduces students to the description, classification and interpretation of geological structures, including faults, folds and joints. Describes these structures in terms of their tectonic setting (extensional, strike-slip, contractional). In labs, introduces practical techniques for structural analysis.

Credits: 4
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 106 and MTH 121 or MTH 141 and PHY 101 or PHY 107 and GLY 102



GLY 400 Stratigraphy and Paleobiology
Geology

Presents tools and concepts employed in the collection and analysis of data from the stratigraphic and fossil records. Topics will include sequence stratigraphy, biozonation, timescale formation, paleobiology and biogeography of several major invertebrate groups and methods for comparing and analyzing shape. Requires substantial quantitative and written work.

Credits: 4
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 215 or permission of instructor


GLY 405 Economic Geology
Geology

This course will describe the nature and origin of the raw materials that sustain modern life styles and developed societies. Lectures will emphasize the formation of economic deposits of metallic and non-metallic minerals, methods of mineral exploration and exploitation, and the environmental consequences of utilizing mineral resources. The laboratory will focus on identification of ore and associated gangue minerals using microscopic and macroscopic methods.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 305



GLY 407 Geological Field Training
Geology

Applied field methods in geology. Geologic field trips and mapping from a mobile base in the western United States. Mapping projects include surficial deposits in Colorado and areas of increasingly complex sedimentary structure in Utah and Wyoming. This course is conducted outdoors and requires walking over difficult terrain and some exposure to the elements.

Credits: 3-6
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Summer
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 409 Advanced Ecology
Geology

Advanced course in the foundations of ecology emphasizing population and community ecology. Supplements lectures on basic ecological principles and models with discussions of both current and historically important issues.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 309 or BIO 309 or GLY 411 or BIO 338



GLY 411 Marine Ecology
Geology

Surveys tropical marine ecosystems, with an emphasis on coral reef communities. Examines processes controlling abundance and distribution of marine taxa using primary literature. LEC

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: BIO 309 or GLY 309 or GLY 215 or BIO 338


GLY 412 Field Course in Tropical Marine Ecology
Geology

An intensive two week field course in the Bahamas focusing on coral reef communities. Combining lectures, fieldwork, and laboratory analyses, students conduct in depth studies of Caribbean marine habitats.

Credits: 2
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Summer
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 411 or GLY 309 or GLY 215 or BIO 338
Co-Requisites: Must enroll in GLY 412 LEC and LAB in the same term



GLY 414 Hydrogeology
Geology

Examines the occurrence and movement of water in the shallow subsurface, and its importance to water resource development and environmental pollution. Uses basic quantitative techniques for the prediction of water flow through porous and fractured geologic media. Laboratory includes hands-on experience with aquifer testing methods using wells located on campus. Primarily for students interested in the fields of hydrogeology, hydrology, environmental geology, and environmental and geotechnical engineering.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Co-Requisites: GLY 312 or CIE 354, or permission of instructor.
Other Requisites: Pre- or


GLY 415 Clay Mineralogy
Geology

Clay minerals are the most abundant minerals at the surface of the earth. As such, they are of extreme importance in understanding environmental problems. In addition, clay minerals have interesting and useful properties that give them important technological value. This course examines the structure and chemistry of clay minerals and attempts to relate these to their properties, both geological and technological. Clay minerals are difficult to study because they typically occur as fine-grained materials and exhibit a wide range of defects.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 305



GLY 417 Stable Isotopes and the Environment
Geology

Small differences in atomic mass among stable (non-radioactive) isotopes of the same element can give rise to differences in partitioning within the environment. This course explores how isotopes fractionate and how this behavior can be used to understand and decipher complex natural processes. The hydrologic cycle will be used as a staring point to illustrate and develop the framework for applying stable isotopes to examine the broader environment. This will provide a comprehensive knowledge base to apply the interpretation of stable isotope data to research questions in geologic, biologic, and environmental sciences in the second part of the course.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Data not available
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 419 Environmental Geophysics
Geology

Introduces the theoretical background and methods of application for several noninvasive near-surface geophysical imaging techniques, including seismic reflection/refraction, microgravity, magnetics, electromagnetics, resistivity, induced polarization (IP), and ground-penetrating radar. Laboratory provides hands-on experience with the commonest environmental geophysics techniques (i.e., resistivity, IP, GPR, and electromagnetics). The labs will cover discussions of experimental design, data acquisition, processing and interpretation. The demonstrations will involve both numerical and field-scale experiments.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 325



GLY 423 The Hidden Planet: Volcanic Plumbing
Geology

Examines the generation, rise, storage, and eventual eruption of magma on Earth and other solid bodies in the solar system (particularly Mars and the Moon). Presents different magmatic compositions and their behaviors, as well as effects of environmental conditions on magma dynamics.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 431 or permission of instructor


GLY 424 Extraterrestrial Volcanism
Geology

Examines volcanic deposits on solid bodies throughout the solar system, including the Moon, Mars, Venus, Io and Europa. Emphasizes understanding how different environments affect the mechanics and subsequent deposits of volcanic eruptions.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 431 or permission of instructor



GLY 427 Statistics & Modeling of Geologic Data
Geology

Computer modeling of complex processes is becoming more important in a number of geological areas, such as risk assessment, movement of toxic contaminants in an aquifer, crystallization of magmas, and impact cratering. Students develop knowledge of the processes whereby a geological problem is reduced to a mathematical model, the model is translated into a computer program, and the program is utilized to produce numerical and graphical results. The course assumes that students have a good familiarity with digital computers. Any mathematical complexities are explained as the course progresses.

Credits: 4
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 428 Geological Hazards and Risk
Geology

Discusses disasters that may include those related to volcanoes, earthquakes, landslides, windstorms, tsunamis, river floods, and hazardous waste storage. Topics include models of geological phenomena, consequences of hazards, and risk assessment. Case studies analyzed for each phenomenon. A detailed case study focusing on expert elicitation is discussed.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 215 and GLY 326 and GLY 312



GLY 429 Analysis of Geologic Data
Geology

Problems encountered in working with large data sets, formulating statistical hypotheses, and interpreting the analysis in terms of the geologic problem. Includes data from petrology, sedimentation, mineralogy, geophysics, and paleontology.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 431 Volcanology
Geology

Examines the distribution, tectonic setting, and morphology of volcanoes. Includes investigations into effusive and explosive eruptions, emplacement of eruptive products, and eruption mechanisms.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 215 and GLY 306 and GLY 326 and PHY 101



GLY 432 Colonial Paleobiology
Geology

Examines the morphology, ecology and evolutionary history of colonial invertebrates (hemichordates (including graptolites), bryozoans, cnidarians).

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 433 Volcanic Rocks
Geology

Selected topics related to the genesis, field description, eruption mechanism, and emplacement process of volcanic rocks. Coursework includes theoretical and practical applications including quantitative analysis of data.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 306 or permission of instructor



GLY 434 Methods in Volcanology
Geology

This course will introduce the methods most commonly used by volcanologists in monitoring and studying active volcanoes (including geophysical methods: field observations of eruptions; remote sensing and geological mapping). Through a series of case studies, it will illustrate how such data are used to build a picture of how volcanoes work. (LEC, 3)

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 431


GLY 440 Vertebrate Paleontology and Osteology
Geology

Surveys the fossil record of vertebrate animals in order to understand their evolutionary history and the evidences used to reconstruct that history. Expects prior experience in basic paleontology or evolutionary biology.

Credits: 4
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)



GLY 443 Marine Geology
Geology

Explores igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic geology and geophysics of ocean basins in light of modern plate tectonic theories. Uses real data to allow understanding of the assumptions and the 'knowns' in marine geology.

Credits: 1
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 444 Surfaces of Geomaterials
Geology

Describes the theory of surface and interfacial thermodynamic properties, how these properties are experimentally determined, the basis for computations of surface and interfacial free energies, and how the surface properties of minerals can be related to their chemical composition and crystal structures. Gives particular emphasis to those minerals that naturally occur in a colloidal form (the clay minerals), as well as to other geological materials, such as volcanic ash, that can occur in colloidal sizes.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)



GLY 445 Glacial Geology Lab
Geology

The laboratory consists of map and aerial photograph, computer, and field exercises.

Credits: 1
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Co-Requisites: GLY 312
Other Requisites: Pre- or


GLY 453 Quaternary Dating and Paleoclimate
Geology

Explores the Earth's large swings in climate over the past 2 million years, how they are documented, the various dating techniques used to place them into a chronological framework, and the implications for how the Earth's climate system operates. Focuses on marine sediment, ice core, and terrestrial archives of glacial and interglacial cycles, abrupt climate change, past warm periods analogous to our future world, and techniques used to date these records.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 312



GLY 454 Topics: Planetary Geosciences
Geology

Students learn about the processes involved in the formation of the Solar System, and the generation and evolution of planetary surfaces. Primary data, collected by past and present spacecraft and landers is used to demonstrate how geologic processes are both similar and distinct throughout the Solar System.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 325 OR GLY 431 OR Permission of Instructor


GLY 458 Macroevolution
Geology

Principal issues of macroevolutionary theory (i.e., issues at the species level and above, which are manifest on the scale of geological time) and hones analytical skills as preparation for undertaking graduate research. Evolutionary theory is an interdisciplinary topic that draws on information from ecology, population biology, systematics, anthropology, and paleobiology, and the course presumes prior study of evolutionary aspects of at least one of these areas as preparation.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)



GLY 462 Aqueous Geochemistry
Geology

Presents the chemical principles governing natural water chemistry and the behavior of anthropogenic pollutants. Emphasizes topics such as the evolution of groundwater chemistry, thermodynamics of water-rock interactions at low temperatures, and prediction of pollutant fate in aquatic systems.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: CHE 102 and MTH 121 or MTH 142 and GLY 101 or GEO 101


GLY 464 Advanced Environmental Hydrogeology II
Geology

Studies multi-phase flow in contaminant hydrogeology. Topics include physics and chemistry of multiple phases, modeling of multi-phase flow and transport, and remediation on nonaqueous phase liquids. LEC/LAB

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)



GLY 465 Environmental and Geological Remote Sensing
Geology

Covers the fundamentals of remote sensing, extraction of geological, biophysical, or land use/land cover information from remote sensing data, and provides guidance as to how remote sensing data can be used to solve real world environmental and geological problems. Throughout the course the participants will be engaged in rigorous hands-on exercises that will introduce them to digital image processing techniques as well. The participants will learn how to extract and integrate lithologic and environmental information from a wide range of remote sensing data, digital elevation models, and maps.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: PHY 101 and MTH 121


GLY 470 Advanced Geofluids and Geomechanics
Geology

Bridges the gap between more traditional descriptive techniques introduced in introductory courses, and more advanced quantitative methods used in modern research. Primarily, the course introduces the students to quantitative tools and techniques for the analysis of geologic fluids, features, structures and processes.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)



GLY 473 Geophysical Dta Analysis and Inverse Methods
Geology

In applied sciences such as geophysics, quantitative analyses are essential tools to study time or space varying signals. The aim of this course is to teach students exploratory data analysis (EDA) techniques and various modern inverse methods. Exploratory data analysis helps analyze geophysical data for the purpose of formulating hypotheses worth testing and implementing the tools of conventional statistics for testing hypotheses; while inverse methods help reduce data to obtain useful information about the physical world on the basis of interferences drawn from observations. Topics will include graphing/visualization, data smoothing, data fitting, univariate/multivariate analyses, inverse modeling, data mining, model evaluation, and uncertainty quantification. The students will obtain experience in the application of these methods through a series of theoretical and computing based exercises. It is preferred to have a background in linear algebra, calculus, and geophysics.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Data not available
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 477 Advanced Physical Volcanology
Geology

Calculus-based course that provides students with the capability to analyze natural fluid dynamical processes. Topics include rheology of surficial materials, hydrostatics and aerostatics, equations of motion for fluid dynamics including Navier-Stokes equation, open-channel flow, kinematic waves, hydraulic jumps, advection-diffusion, dynamical and geometric similarity. Extensive use of computational tools to analyze flows and to organize fluid dynamical data.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 431



GLY 478 Advanced Field Methods
Geology

Teaches students to map, analyze, evaluate and interpret field data related to complex geological stratigraphy and structures, natural hazards, and Quaternary deposits. Students study the relationship of their geological work to cultural activities, particularly the exploitation of solid-earth resources and risk assessment. The course consists of in-depth mapping exercises in the field coupled with lectures.

Credits: 1-3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 480 Geological Evolution of North America: Tectonics and Appalachians
Geology

Provides students with a familiarity of the elements that support the concepts inherent in plate tectonics. Demonstrates the application of tectonics to the geological history of eastern North America, primarily the Appalachians. Illustrates the multidisciplinary nature of geological synthesis through in-depth studies of classic areas in the Appalachians. Involves an optional spring field trip to the central and southern Appalachians.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)
Pre-Requisites: GLY 215 and GLY 306 and GLY 326 and GLY 305



GLY 481 Geological Evolution of North America: Western Cordillera
Geology

Provides students with a basic familiarity of geology of the western cordillera of North America. Illustrates the multidisciplinary nature of geologic syntheses through in-depth studies of this complex mountain range that extends from Mexico to Alaska. Emphasizes the genesis and emplacement of igneous rocks, major deformational episodes, the cause of earthquakes, mechanism of faults, origin of volcanoes, source of mineral deposits, and major sedimentation stages.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 493 Pegrum Colloquium
Geology

Familiarizes senior geology students with a broad range of topics that are of current interest to professional geologists. The course also acquaints students with professional presentations. The course consists of a weekly colloquium presented by a researcher active in a field of present import. Preceding the colloquium, readings from scientific journals introduce students to the topic to be discussed.

Credits: 1
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)



GLY 496 Geological Sciences Internship
Geology

The Geological Sciences undergraduate internship program allows students to experience geologic challenges, first-hand, in an industry, teaching or research setting. Students in the program will tackle geological issues in a real-life context, giving them a chance to apply knowledge that was gained in a more formalized, classroom setting.

Credits: 1-6
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer
Grading: Pass/Not Pass (PNP)


GLY 497 Departmental Honors Senior Thesis
Geology

Accepted seniors pursue a specialized, independent study leading to an Honors Thesis. The Department of Geology requires maintenance of a 3.25 or higher GPA, two adjacent semesters of Honors Thesis coursework (3 credits each), and a writing product (term paper, senior thesis) as a result of the effort.

Credits: 3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)



GLY 498 Undergraduate Research
Geology

Students collaborate with faculty research mentors on an ongoing project in a faculty member's laboratory or conduct independent research under the guidance of a faculty member. This experience provides students with an inquiry based learning opportunity and engages them as active learners in a research setting.

Credits: 1-3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)


GLY 499 Independent Study
Geology

Selection and study of topics not offered as regular courses.

Credits: 1-3
Semester(s) Typically Offered: Fall, Spring
Grading: Graded (GRD)




Last updated: November 22 2021 21:01:55